Using the Tailoring Process in MIL-STD-810

Using the tailoring process in MIL-STD-810
Using the tailoring process in MIL-STD-810

The Evolution of the Tailoring Process in MIL-STD-810

MIL-STD-810 Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests is a standard for environmental developmental test and evaluation.  Its purpose is to provide guidance for the development of analysis and test criteria to evaluate materiel, identify deficiencies and defects, and demonstrate compliance.  The tailoring process develops valid test criteria for evaluation of materiel in MIL-STD-810.

In its early revisions, it was a set of test procedures and parameters. It provided defined procedures for testing the effects of environmental stresses.  Revision A had one sentence about tailoring. “When it is known that the equipment will encounter conditions more severe or less severe than the environmental levels stated herein, the test may be modified by the detail specification.”

What is Tailoring

The concept of tailoring has evolved in MIL-STD-810.  The tailoring process provides input for evaluation based on the life cycle environmental conditions of the specific materiel.  Because of the environmental stresses it will encounter, the life cycle of materiel intended for use on the inside of a ground vehicle will be very different life cycle than those on the outside of an aircraft. 

It is therefore, the responsibility of the designer of the equipment to assess which environmental effects require testing and what the specific parameters of those tests should be.

MIL-STD-810 provides specific guidance for this assessment by creating a tailoring process.  Tailoring is a management process that uses engineering common sense.  Moreover, it involves systematically considering all environmental factors on a system throughout its service life to ensure a proper degree of design and test.

Six tasks are contained in the MIL-STD-810 tailoring process:

  • Define specific managerial roles
  • Profile the life cycle of the product from transport from manufacture facility to end of life
  • Document operational environmental information
  • Document specific environmental criteria
  • Develop Test Plans
  • Create Test Reports

MIL-STD-810 also provides guidance for the tailoring process in Part 3 World Climatic Regions.  This section provides valuable data to assist in the selection of appropriate test methods and the tailoring of parameters for those methods.  These parameters include temperature, humidity, solar irradiance, vibration profiles as well as severities and durations.

Using the Tailoring Process

It is important to profile the life cycle of the product early in product development.  The Life Cycle Environmental Profile (LCEP) maps environmental stresses encountered in all phases of the product.  This includes logistical transport, storage, tactical transport, and operational.   This allows identification of the most critical environmental factors for product specification and evaluation. 

These environmental factors serve as input in the tailoring process to select appropriate laboratory test methods, parameters, and procedures of test in MIL-STD-810.  Other inputs include specifications from procurement agencies and available measured data.

MIL-STD-810 Training

We offer MIL-STD-810 Training designed for Program Managers, Project Leads, Test Engineers, Design Engineers, and Qualification Test Procedure/Plan Writers.  It is also applicable for Test Laboratory Personnel responsible for generating quotes for customers. It covers all of the Dynamic and Climatic tests described in MIL-STD-810.

This class places emphasis on the processes necessary to develop a comprehensive test program.  This includes development of a Life Cycle Environmental Profile (LCEP).  An LCEP is an analysis of the environmental stresses likely to be encountered during the entire life of a product, from manufacturing to end of life. These stresses include those found in logistical, tactical, and operational phases.

The LCEP serves as an input for a Environmental Issues/Criteria List (EICL) which is a collection of justified environmental parameters for design and product test.

CVG Strategy Test and Evaluation Experts

CVG Strategy has expertise and experience in using the tailoring process in MIL-STD-810 to assist in the creation of effective product evaluation programs.  Furthermore, our test and evaluation team can manage evaluation programs, write test plans,  witness testing, and create test report summaries.  We have decades of experience in environmental and EMI/EMC testing in both commercial and military applications.

CVG Strategy is a consultancy offering coaching, mentoring, training and program development focused on areas including Business Process Improvement, ITAR and Export Compliance, Cyber Security and Quality Management Systems.

Spyware a Growing Concern for Businesses

spyware a growing concern for businesses
spyware a growing concern for businesses

According to a number of leaders in cybersecurity, spyware is becoming an issue of growing concern for businesses.  Malwarebytes, in its 2021 report, Malwarebytes 2021 State of Malware Report, observed that business spyware detections increased 51% in 2020.  These spyware infections can be found on both computers and mobile devices.

What is Spyware?

Spyware is a type of malware that infiltrates a device to collect sensitive information.  Information is collected by monitoring internet activity and using keylogger type technology to relay information to outside parties.  This information can be used to track users or to commit cybercrimes.

Often this information is sold to third party data firms without a user’s consent.  This data can include various types of personal information including:

  • Login credentials
  • Credit Card Details
  • Account PINs
  • Clipboard data
  • Email data
  • Bank Account Information
  • Text messages
  • User location
  • Activation of device microphones and cameras
  • Documents and photos

Types of Spyware

There are a variety of types of spyware programs currently being used.  Often these pose as legitimate software offerings.  These programs use technologies that can range from relatively simple methods that rely on unmitigated software security flaws or highly sophisticated hacks that can compromise advanced security systems.  Because these methods employ endpoint attacks they are immune to end-to-end encryption security measures.

Cookie Trackers

Cookie trackers monitor internet browser history.  Although this data has been a free target, a growing number of nation states and organizations have made moves to control its collection and use.  This includes the European Unions General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and ePrivacy Directive (ePR), and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA).  These actions have resulted in the terms and conditions additions on websites.


Adware tracks not only browsing habits but monitors downloads and basic computer user activity.  This type of malicious software not only share this information with outside parties but can slow down systems by using processor resources.

System Monitors

System monitors pose an even more malicious threat in that they can often capture vital information such as login credentials, messaging, and basically any information created or received on the device.  This can lead to loss of proprietary information and identity theft.


Stalkerware is software designed to surreptitiously run in the background of smartphones.  Its purpose is to keep tabs on activities and report it to an outside party. Data captured can include location, phone calls and text messages, passwords, contacts, emails, and photos.

Security Practices for Preventing Spyware

The Cybersecurity and Ifrastructure Security Agency (CISA) provides the following advice for preventing unintended spyware installation:

  1. Avoid interaction with links within pop-up windows. CISA recommends clicking on the “X” icon in the title bar instead of using the “close” button inside the window.
  2. Select “no” or “cancel” when queried by unexpected dialog boxes that suggest running a program.
  3. Be especially wary of free downloadable software. These programs may not perform as advertised and create security issues. In fact any software should be carefully scrutinized before installation.
  4. Utilize browser security setting preferences to limit pop-up windows and cookies.
  5. Incorporate valid malware protection programs that include anti spyware detection.

Information Management Security Systems

Spyware is a growing concern for businesses and organizations of any size.  To effectively mitigate cybersecurity risks and their effects, it is important to institute effective Information Management Security Systems (ISMS).

An Information Security Management System is a collection of policies, procedures, and controls that systematically address information security in an organization.  It is a framework based on risk assessment and risk management.  The most widely recognized and instituted ISMS in the business environment is ISO 27001.  It shares many of the features of a quality management system such as ISO 9001. 

CVG Strategy Information Security Management System Consultants

We can help you meet your information security management system goals.  CVG Strategy QMS experts are Exemplar Global Certified Lead Auditors.  We can provide the training required to understand and engage in a ISMS and make it meet desired objectives. This process includes defining the context of your organization, creation of internal auditing processes and much more.


Test and Evaluation for Robustness

test and evaluation for robustness
test and evaluation for robustness

Test and Evaluation for Robustness

Test and Evaluation for robustness of a product is an involved process.  For electrical and electronic equipment an evolution of design engineering evaluation has been required to meet acceptable failure rates for fielded product.  Instituting these test methodologies requires looking beyond a test to pass approach.

Robustness in Military Applications

In the military this requirement was apparent following World War II where new materiel had often failed to meet performance criteria when introduced to its operational environment.  This led to the creation of AAF Specification 41065 in 1945.  This specification was comprised of ten methods for developmental product evaluation with preset parameters.  This standard later became MIL-STD-810 Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests

As this standard evolved, it became more and more apparent to those writing it the limitations of a cookie cutter approach.  Environmental issues are far too complicated and nuanced to be easily defined in a manner that is appropriate for all applications.   Because of this, every revision of the standard has increasingly stressed the need for tailoring tests to meet the anticipated environmental stresses in the lifetime of the product.  

Because industry largely ignored the requirements for tailoring, a tailoring process was created in revision G in 2008.  Despite this though, developmental test and evaluation of products has often not been adequately performed.  This has led to costly redesigns in operational testing phases and caused delays in final systems.

Part one of MIL-STD-810 now details the creation of a design and evaluation management system.  This system identifies environmental stressors expected to be encountered in the life cycle of the product including logistical transport, tactical transport, storage, and operational.   Proper implementation of these processes allows for release of product that is capable of meeting its mission requirements.

Robustness in Automotive Applications

As electronics were first introduced in automobiles failure rates were excessive.  These failures were caused by climatic, mechanical, chemical, electrical, and electromagnetic stresses in vehicle applications.  As the industry moved towards longer warrantied products, emphasis shifted from the detection of failures at the end of the development process to prevention of failures throughout the full life cycle. 

This prevention requires designing for ruggedness at concept development with a Zero-Defect Strategy.  Here again developmental test and evaluation is seen as essential for success.  A test to pass approach that does not return useful data is not desirable.  A detailed analysis of this approach can be found in SAE J1211: 2012 Handbook for Robustness Validation of Automotive Electrical/Electronic Modules.

SAE J1211:2021

Like MIL-STD-810, SAE J1211defines a Robustness Validation process that involves both the user and the supplier to define and establish requirements and acceptance criteria based on the end vehicle’s specific application. These requirements and criteria are based on a defined Mission Profile with the goal designing out susceptibility to failure mechanisms.

This Robustness Validation process relies first on knowledge-based modeling simulation and analysis methods in the design phase.  These designs are then to be verified and validated testing protocols including test-to-failure and failure/defect susceptibility testing to confirm or identify Robustness Margins

The standard categorizes these failure mechanisms as follows:

  • Thermal
  • Mechanical
  • Radiation
  • Dust
  • Humidity
  • Water
  • Chemical
  • Electromagetic Compatibility (EMC)

As with MIL-STD-810 the automotive industry’s approach examines the synergetic effect of environmental stressors.  This approach requires a comprehensive analysis when a test and evaluation program is initiated. 

Understanding Environmental Stresses

For any application of ruggedness design, an understanding of the environmental stresses involved is essential.  This therefore requires an assessment and identification of all probable environmental factors, their frequency of occurrence, and intensities.  In MIL-STD-810 parlance this is accomplished through the development of a Life Cycle Environmental Profile (LCEP). 

For automotive applications this is done through a Mission Profile.  These profiles should include all phases of product life including transit and storage.  They should also include lessons learned from similar product histories. 

Once these stressors have been identified, their criteria can be used for development of design specification.  These criteria are also used to develop a test master plan with relevant stress values to be used in robustness tests. 

CVG Strategy

Military and automotive applications require design and test methods that ensure ruggedness.  The development of a test and evaluation program that will verify a design and return significant data must be initiated at the concept stage of product development.  This is true when ruggedness is required of any product. 

CVG Strategy has experience in developmental test and evaluation for a wide variety of industries including military and automotive.  Because of this we understand looking beyond a test to pass perspective.  We can help develop a test program that will return meaningful data and verify a products ability to survive harsh environments.

Technical Data and Export Law – Canada and the U.S.

technical data and export law
technical data and export law

Technical Data and Export Law

Understanding what technical data is and how it pertains to export law is important for companies doing business in the U.S. and Canada.  Both countries have different requirements and regulations controlling how technical data is stored and transferred.  Additionally, these regulations are subject to change.

What is Technical Data?

Definitions under U.S. Law

Under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), technical data, which is defined in 22CFR 120.10(4), is information which is specifically required for the design and production of defense articles and services such as drawings, instructions, or other documentation. It also includes software that is directly related to defense articles.  

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which are administrated by the Department of Commerce, define controlled technical data as an export of technology that is required for the “development, production or use” of items on the Commerce Control List (CCL).  Under the EAR transfer of technical data is defined as a Deemed Export

Under both sets of U.S. export control regulations, transfer of technical data to a foreign nation or foreign persons will in most cases require an export license.

Definitions under Canadian Law

The Canadian Controlled Goods Program (CGP) defines technical data as Technical data is any information, such as blueprints, drawings, plans, computer software or technical documentation that could be developed or adapted for use in military or space equipment.

Canadian Export Regulations for Cloud Service Providers

Canada’s Controlled Goods Program, as of April of 2021, has placed requirements on cloud service providers that provide storage for controlled goods data. These cloud service providers must now be registered regardless of encryption protocols utilized.

Registrants that currently store data on unauthorized servers outside of Canada are required to remove all controlled goods data from the foreign service and move that data to local secure servers or cloud service providers registered in the Controlled Goods Program.

Differences in Canadian and U.S. Requirements

These cloud service requirements contrast with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) interim final ruling, released on December of 2019, concerning transmissions or storage of unclassified technical data which is controlled for export under (ITAR).

The current ITAR requirements (§ 120.54) allow for storage of unclassified ITAR technical data on foreign servers if end to end encryption compliant with the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) requirements.

This variance in requirements places increased complexity in compliance programs for organizations that conduct business in both Canada and the United States.

Protection of Technical Information

Both the U.S. and Canada are actively engaged in securing access to export controlled information to protect their national security interests.

In the United States protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) has been a priority for the Department of Defense (DOD) for many years now. DoD contractor CMMC requirements have been in development since 2015 in an on going effort to safeguard Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI).  

In 2020 the Defense Acquisition Federal Regulation Supplement (DFARS), mandated that private DoD Contractors adopt cybersecurity standards according to the NIST SP 800-171 cybersecurity framework as an interim measure until the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) is finalized.

CVG Strategy

CVG Strategy is a consultancy dedicated to assisting businesses navigate increasing requirements for export compliance and information security.

Export Compliance Expertise

Navigating international import and export laws can be extremely challenging for organizations. This is especially the case for those whose products are defense related. CVG Strategy export compliance experts have over a decade of experience in assisting businesses establish and maintain export compliance programs.

CVG Strategy has helped companies comply with both U.S. and Canadian regulations.  We can answer your export compliance questions to keep your organization in compliance to regulations. We can also provide essential training to ensure that your team is up to date on ever changing export laws. 

Cybersecurity Expertise

CVG Strategy is committed to helping businesses protect the United State’s controlled unclassified information by helping them establish effective cybersecurity programs.  We know that viable solutions include all stakeholders in an enterprise.  They include people, policies, procedures, risk analysis, incident responses, and an internal auditing process that yields constant improvement.

CVG Strategy provides cybersecurity consulting and training for large and small organizations.  Our experts can tailor a program using risk management process to identify information assets and interested parties.   We can create the documentation and provide the essential training to establish your ISMS and guide you through certification audits.


ISO 9001 Business Management Beyond Quality

iso-9001 business management
iso-9001 business management

ISO 9001 provides tools for business management beyond the scope of product quality.  Incorporating these tools can help an organization effectively and consistently manage specific issues and requirements strategically.  Furthermore, because ISO 9001:2015 requires involvement from top management and relevant stakeholders, it ensures that these issues will be addressed comprehensively. 

Context of the Organization

“Context of the Organization”, Clause 4 of ISO 9001:2015, provides a means of encompassing wider business planning activities into a Quality Management System (QMS).  This clause places requirements to ascertain, monitor and review both internal and external issues that are relevant to an organization’s specific purpose and strategic direction.  The importance of these various factors should be assessed through risk management.

External issues can include an array of concerns including legal, financial, social, regulatory and cultural factors.  By identifying these issues when creating a quality program by they can be addressed in a process approach that provides continual improvement.

ISO 9001 Business Management Opportunities

Export Compliance

Organizations providing products and services are subject to a number of export regulations.  For exporters in the United States these include the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).  These laws prevent export of controlled items to hostile entities.  With regards to the ITAR, these include the export of defense related materials.

Violation of export compliance can result in fines, imprisonment, and export debarment (organization not allowed to export).  Therefore, export compliance is an important external factor that can be addressed through ISO 9001 business management policies, processes, and procedures.  Once these have been implemented they can be monitored so that corrective actions can be taken to prevent violations.

Product Design Protocols

Many industries are faced with specific design protocols requirements.  These requirements can involve inputs from customers, engineering, government procurement agencies, sales, and upper management.  Such is the case for product developers that must meet standard requirements under MIL-STD-810.

MIL-STD-810H establishes distinct processes for conducting a Whole Life Assessment (WLA) of a product under development.  This process is to be initiated at the product concept phase. 

Proper implementation of these processes allows for identification of relevant environmental stressors likely to be encountered in the product’s life cycle.  These include development of a Life Cycle Environmental Profile and an Environmental Issues/Criteria List. Once these assessments have been conducted, design specifications and testing requirements can be created. 

These processes can be incorporated into a quality management system to that is initiated at the concept phase of development.  These processes should include all stakeholders to ensure that a complete WLA is conducted. 

Implementing ISO 9001 for Your Organization

Achieving the highest possible return on investment is important, regardless of which quality management systems standard you organization implements.  Taking advantage of all the features of that standard requires an understanding of Quality Management Systems and the growing number of requirements businesses face in their specific sectors.

Effective management of these requirements in a single program can create a more productive and efficient organization that consistently improve its performance and stay in compliance of regulations.

CVG Strategy Quality Management Expertise

Our Exemplar Global and Probitas Certified Quality Experts provide quality consultation in the Quality and Inspection disciplines to customers across North America.  Our quality strategy allows clients new to Quality Management Systems to rapidly implement a tailored system. 

We have assisted customers in implementing business management opportunities into their quality management systems by coupling our QMS expertise with our extensive experience in export compliance and product test and evaluation.  This allows to readily deliver compliant procedures and work instructions.










CMMC Under Review Before Final Release

CMMC Under Review
CMMC Under Review

CMMC Under Review by DoD

The DoD is finalizing changed to the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program (CMMC) in an attempt to sufficiently address national security requirements without overburdening the defense industrial sector.  According to an article recently published at the Federal News Network, these changes are to be released soon as a finalized plan of implementation.

Chief technology officer for the deputy assistant secretary of defense for industrial policy, Christine MIchienzi said that We are, again, including feedback from industry on that to make sure that this is the system that is going to be the best system for the department and for industry”. 

The Pentagon announced it was reviewing the current approach in April of 2021.  This announcement was followed by minor updates in congressional testimonies in June of 2021.  Since this time, however, the Department of Defense (DoD) has been silent on its intentions until this latest announcement of reviews.  This has raised questions as to the Biden’s administration’s commitment to CMMC achieving its stated goals.

Growing Apprehension Among Defense Contractors

This silence has created apprehension in an industry that has scrambled to meet future requirements without a clear view of exactly what these requirements are to unfold.  This has hindered the industry’s ability to create budgets and engage in meaningful strategic planning.  Additionally, many smaller subcontractors fear that the complexity of the proposed CMMC may be creating barriers to participation in the DoD acquisition process.

Members of the defense industrial base have voiced desires for standardization of the DoD marking practices for Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) and limit requirements to directly relate to contract performance. 

Another area for concern is the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations (DFARS) Interim Rule released in September 2020.  In a letter to the DoD, industry consortiums ITI, PSC and NDIA stated that it is unclear how this rule has been or will be adjudicated.  It then encouraged the DoD to conduct public hearings if further changes were anticipated.

All Parts of CMMC Are Being Reconsidered

The DoD is reviewing all aspects to its approach to CMMC.  Included in this reassessment is the CMMC accreditation body’s role.  Other options to this could be certification from the Defense Contract Management Agency or self certification at certain CMMC levels. 

This further action has muddied the waters as to what the future holds for contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers to the DoD.  This is especially the case for for commercial vendors who may defer investments in developing a CMMC program in the midst of such uncertainty.  In response to these apprehensions about the scope, timeline, and manner of implementation, the Pentagon has encouraged companies to stay the course as cybersecurity systems will still need to be in place and will require verification and validation.

CVG Strategy Can Help

Bad Actor Foreign Governments like China are making considerable efforts to steal U.S. IP.  While the U.S. Counterintelligence Agencies are focused on stopping this in its tracks. But, they cannot do this without industry taking up some of the workload and responsibility.

CMMC will help to secure the supply chain and are critical to plugging the data leaks to bad actors. Cybersecurity must be incorporated across all parts of the supply chain for government contractors, and this is the goal for CMMC.  Just like other new standards and requirements, the first contractors who achieve an appropriate level of certification will likely get more and newer contracts over their competitors.

Regardless of the final format of CMMC, a sound cybersecurity system must be in place to ensure conformity.  The level of soundness of a system can be accomplished by performing a Supplier Performance Risk System (SPRS) Cybersecurity Assessment.  Under the current system,  this is a requirement for businesses providing products or services to the Department of Defense (DoD).  This Supplier Performance Risk System assessment is to be completed by the contractor before DoD contracts can be awarded.  

CVG Strategy is ready to perform an SPRS cybersecurity assessment for your organization.  Our Certified ISO 27001:2013 Lead Auditors can help you meet future CMMC requirements.  Additionally, CVG Strategy can assist in the development of an effective Information Security Management System ISMS to protect CUI and instill confidence in your clients.

Military Product Testing – Verifying Reliability

military product testing

Military product testing is performed at various stages of a products development and service initiation.  The earliest phase of this testing is known as Developmental Test and Evaluation.  This phase is conducted by the product developer and includes a detailed regime of climatic, dynamic, EMI/EMC, and electrical compatibility test procedures.

The United States Department of Defense (DoD) has consistently had issues with the quality of testing provided by its vendors.  Defense systems that fail to meet their required level of reliability are less capable of fulfilling their intended missions and endanger the lives of personnel operating and depending on them.  Additionally these reliability issues can delay project implementation, involve costly redesign, and result in higher costs of operation.

As stated in Reliability Growth – Enhancing Defense System Reliability, issues exist with the quality of both operational and developmental test and evaluation currently being performed.  By adequately engaging in the preparation, execution, and analysis of developmental test and evaluation, designers of defense materiel can achieve higher levels of reliability, avoid redesign issues, and learn important lessons for future product design specifications.

military product testing

Elements of a Viable Product Test Program

Knowledge of Applicable Standards

For defense product developers a wide range of defense test standards are applicable.  These military standards include:

  • MIL-STD-810
  • MIL-STD-461
  • MIL-STD-1275
  • MIL-STD-1399-300
  • MIL-STD-704
  • MIL-STD-202
  • MIL-DTL-901

The test program manager should have a good working knowledge of these standards and understand their interrelation in terms of product development.  This knowledge should then be applied to the development of a test program that addresses perceived component vulnerabilities and prioritizes design verification testing of those concerns.  Ultimately, a test program must be created that addresses all requirements and returns important data for analysis.

Life Cycle Analysis

For environmental testing (climatic and dynamic) MIL-STD-810 “Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests” requires a thorough examination of the stresses likely to be encountered by the product during its service life, including logistical transit, tactical transit, maintenance, and operation.  This is accomplished by conducting a Life Cycle Environmental Profile (LCEP).  The LCEP along with customer requirements and any measured data provide data for the Environmental Issues/Criteria List.

From these documents a tailored list or Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP) of required test methods with appropriate levels of stress can be created that will establish a basis for required testing.

Test Plan Preparation

Test plans must be developed that inform all personnel involved in testing, including the testing laboratory, of exactly how the test is to be performed, and what data is to be captured.  As most testing should be performed with the test item in an operational mode representative of expected service, the plan must include information as how these modes should be executed, monitored and recorded.  Additionally procedures for verifying the test items functionality before, during and post testing should be included.

Management of Complex Programs

Military product testing for military equipment involves a large number of mil-std tests.  Often these tests will be run concurrently.  Some tests can be performed in a few hours, others may require months for completion.  Staying abreast of test program activities, addressing failures, troubleshooting and providing root failure analysis are but a few of the responsibilities of a test program manager.

The manager must also coordinate all activities with product development engineers, laboratories, and shipping services.  Additionally interim and final reporting of the test program must be created.

CVG Strategy Product Test Consultants

CVG Strategy Test Management experts have extensive experience in military product testing as well as, commercial, aerospace, defense, and automotive product test and evaluation.  They have worked with numerous standards that apply to environmental and EMI/EMC testing.  They are adept at coordinating with product development teams to provide value added test programs that provide confidence in a products capabilities and reliability.

We can tailor a statement of work to include any number of tasks that might be required.  This can include:

  • Test Standards Technical Support for proposals and customer inquiries
  • Defining Test Requirements
  • Design of Simulation and Monitoring Equipment
  • Development of Required Test Fixtures
  • Development of Required Documentation
  • Test Scheduling
  • Onsite support
  • Laboratory Test Witnessing
  • Company representative and advocate at Test Lab
  • Subject Matter Expertise

Monitoring of Operational Testing and MIL-STD-810

Monitoring of Operational Testing

Monitoring of Operational Tests

Monitoring of operational tests and the recording of all critical performance parameters has become a requirement in MIL-STD-810H.

Operational testing has been a part of MIL-STD-810 since Revision C in 1975.  It refers to testing the item in a manner that represents service use as documented in the mission profile.  Successive revisions have placed more stringent requirements on this mode of testing.  Monitoring of operational tests is one such requirement. 

Requirements  as specified in Revision G change 1 Part 1, paragraph 5.10 reads as follows:

Performance check. Monitoring and recording of test item’s critical performance parameters is required before and after all tests. Monitoring of performance parameters is not required during non-operational tests such as storage and transportation. Monitoring of performance parameters during operational tests is strongly suggested.

Where cost concerns preclude monitoring during an operational test, consideration should be given to the consequences of undetected, intermittent failures.”

Revision H has changed the wording of the last two sentences of that paragraph to:

Monitoring and recording of the critical performance parameters during operational tests is required. If unable to monitor during operational tests, obtain test sponsor approval prior to the start of testing and document rationale in the test report.”

Monitoring of Operational Testing

Development of Monitoring and Simulation Equipment

Environmental testing has the capability of inducing intermittent failures in equipment.  Detection of these failures is critical in Developmental Testing and Evaluation to ensure a product’s capabilities during field testing and deployment.  These increased requirements call for a more diligent approach to the design and planning of monitoring equipment used in operational testing. 

Designing, building, and programming the required (off chamber) equipment requires time and resources.  Monitoring equipment should be capable of detecting recording and capturing intermittent failure conditions.  It should then notify test personnel of failures.  It should record all critical functions and exercise the Unit Under Test (UUT) to simulate in service operation. 

Additionally, it should be able to aid in the performance of functional and operational tests.  These tests are used to verify all modes of operation of the UUT before, during and after environmental tests.

Evolution of MIL-STD-810 Environmental Testing

Many issues have evolved during various revisions of MIL-STD-810.  A study of the history of these issues show a repeated effort by those writing the standard to stress areas where materiel developers have fallen short in developmental test and evaluation.  This has been the case with test parameter tailoring, power requirements, and yes, the methods utilized in operational testing.

There are numerous issues that can cause intermittent issues in electrical and electronic equipment: 

  • Tolerance stacking of components can often lead to intermittent failures during temperature testing. 
  • Humidity can cause intermittent reductions in the electrical isolation of signals. 
  • Dynamic testing, especially where higher frequencies are present, i.e. Pyroshock testing, can cause piezoelectric effects. 

These intermittent failures can lead to unexpected behaviors from equipment that can result in a number of safety related issues especially when the equipment being tested is mission critical.  The increased requirements in MIL-STD-810 no doubt can be traced to issues encountered during operational testing or during service.

In essence, a “green light” on the UUT is no longer a suitable solution, if indeed it ever was.  Properly designed equipment is required monitoring operational tests during tests. It is impossible for a human to monitor a test of long duration or perceive short intermittent failures.

Other Requirements for Monitoring and Simulation Equipment

Such monitoring equipment is also useful in EMI/EMC testing for detecting susceptibility issues.  It can also exercise the equipment under test to provide representative operation necessary for adequate evaluation of equipment emissions.  Operational testing is a requirement for most EMI/EMC testing. 

It is definitely a requirement for MIL-STD-461 testing.  Operation of equipment in standard modes is required for modes of testing in this standard including conducted emissions, radiated emissions, conducted susceptibility, and radiated susceptibility. 

For emissions testing, exercising the Equipment Under Test (EUT) exercises it to create a nominally characteristic level of electromagnetic behavior.  During susceptibility testing however, great care must be taken to monitor the EUT for operational failures caused by the presence of electromagnetic fields and electrostatic discharges.

The same holds true for electrical compatibility testing.  This testing includes standards such as MIL-STD-704, MIL-STD-1275, and MIL-STD-1399-300B parts 1 and 2.

CVG Strategy Product Test and Evaluation Experts

Our experts at CVG Strategy have extensive experience in Environmental and EMI/EMC testing and evaluation.  We have expertise in a number of industries and products, both military and commercial.  CVG Strategy specializes in Independent Developmental Testing and Evaluation including: Development of Life Cycle Environmental Profiles, Test Plans, Test Program Management, and Test Witnessing.

CVG Strategy also offers MIL-STD-810 Webinars that stress methods for employing this important test standard to get the most out of your test and evaluation program.

CVG Strategy is a consultancy offering coaching, mentoring, training and program development focused on areas including Product Test and Evaluation Business Process Improvement, Export Compliance, Cyber Security and Quality Management Systems.

Preparing for EMI Testing – Important Considerations

Preparing for EMI Testing
Preparing for EMI Testing

Preparing for EMI Testing can save time and money. Most EMI tests do not provide the news we want to hear on the first trip, therefore preparing to go the lab then is a task that should be thought out. 

Emissions and immunity testing is an important part of your product development.  Successful testing can provide compliance to relevant international standards and allow you to get your product to market.  It can also ensure your product is not susceptible to interference that can cause damage, injury, and product recalls.

Pre Compliance Testing

There are many EMC pre-compliance tools available to product developers today.  These can provide screening to prevent trips to a lab when a product would clearly fail.  They can also aid in troubleshooting to evaluate required design modifications.  While these tools can definitely provide an edge for emissions testing they are not as useful for immunity, susceptibility, and power compatibility testing.

Pre test Product Evaluation and Susceptibility Analysis

EMI/EMC expertise can help solve difficult EMI/EMC issues.  Our EMI/EMC experts have decades of experience and help provide analysis and design modifications to address design deficiencies.  We can also provide a susceptibility analysis for safety critical devices.  This type of analysis is now a requirement for medical devices that must pass coexistence testing.

Equipment to be Tested

We can start by taking a close look at what the product item we are sending.  Is it truly representative of the finished product?  Will it be running with representative firmware and software?  Are the cables representative of the finished product?  All of these factors will greatly effect the veracity and data provided from the test. 

Often early manufactured samples of a product will have coatings where they shouldn’t be.  Check your test item for unwanted paint or powder coat that could interfere with grounding of enclosures and connectors.  Removing paint at the lab is time consuming and time goes by very quickly at the lab.

Have EMI/EMC Test Plans

Another way to prepare for EMI testing is to know what tests are required and understand which sequence of tests are to be run.  Write EMI test plans to communicate product specific information among the design team, the test lab, and the customer. These information can include pass/fail criteria for modes of operation to be tested in immunity testing.

In the defense industry, a test plan can be a contract requirement.  Aside from documentation of desired procedures the writing of the procedure will reinforce and deepen the Test Witnesses understanding of test details.

The Kitchen Sink

When preparing for EMI testing make sure you have appropriate support hardware to exercise the equipment under test so that operational modes are representative of the product in its intended usage.

Bring extras of everything.  If you have had enough forethought to provide extra component places on printed circuit boards near I/O connectors for ferrites and capacitors bring plenty of different values to play with if required.  Bringing your own soldering equipment can be useful as well.  Always bring multiple samples of the equipment to be tested and extra cables.

Most importantly, bring an appropriate mind set to your EMI test.  Everybody wants to bring home a win, but bringing back important data from a test failure is invaluable.  Remain flexible and be prepared to change course so that you can best isolate and analyze the causes of failure.  This will involve cooperation with lab personnel so developing and maintaining a good working relationship with these people is very important.

CVG Strategy Experts

Our experts at CVG Strategy have extensive experience in Environmental/Dynamic and EMI/EMC testing for a number of industries and products, both military and commercial.  CVG Strategy specializes in Independent Developmental Testing and Evaluation including development of Test Plans, Test Procedures, Test Witnessing and Troubleshooting.

CVG Strategy is a consultancy offering coaching, mentoring, training and program development focused on areas including Business Process Improvement, ITAR and Export Compliance, Cyber Security and Quality Management Systems.  For any additional questions, please contact us now!

EMC Testing and Risk Management

EMC Testing and Risk Management
EMC Testing and Risk Management

It wasn’t long ago that EMC Testing and Risk Management wouldn’t have appeared in the same sentence.  Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) testing has normally been performed to meet the criterion established for a desired label.  Once compliance testing has been passed, it’s off to market.

Medical Equipment Safety Concerns

A modern medical facility is packed with electronic equipment.  Much of this equipment is directly involved with safety critical tasks involving life support, monitoring patient vital signs, and alerting personnel of critical situations.  Other equipment in the environment such as cell phones, microwave ovens, and radio devices can interfere with the normal function of safety critical equipment resulting in unknown or behaviors. 

A list of EMI disturbances in medical devices was released in Interference Technology 2020 Medical EMC Guide.  They include:

  • An ambulance radio interfering with a monitor/defibrillator resulting in death.
  • Failure of renal dialysis equipment due to power input susceptibility.
  • Pacemaker compatibility issues when exposed to 13.56 MHz RFID readers.

Risk Management and IEC 60601-1-2

As a result of incidents of medical equipment susceptibility standard such as IEC 60601-1-2 now require a risk assessment be performed before testing to determine immunity test levels and pass fail criteria.  This analysis must be conducted by the manufacturer.  It should define the essential performance each essential function of the device to be tested against the factors likely to be encountered in the intended environment.  These factors include radiated energy sources, conducted sources, electrostatic discharge, and power fluctuations and disturbances.

After this assessment is performed a list of relevant immunity test methods can be selected at realistic levels can be documented in a test plan.  This test plan, again, is the responsibility of the manufacturer to create.

EMI Risks in Other Applications

Electronics are everywhere.  When they are capable of producing safety risks, EMI testing beyond demonstration of compliance is a consideration.  The braking problems that plagued Toyota in 2010 were caused from EMI.  As vehicles become more densely populated with electronic devices the ability of all devices to coexist becomes more questionable.  Additionally portable devices such as cell phones contribute to a more complex radio environment.

EMI Standard Development

As mentioned at the beginning of this article EMC testing does not typically include risk management.  Most testing is performed to exacting standards that set a fixed level for compliance. 

Because standards lag behind the technologies they seek to regulate it is likely to be sometime until risk assessment is fully embraced by these standards.  In time, however, EMC will have to be embraced as an essential part of quality management to ensure the basic safety of the devices we rely on everyday.

CVG Strategy EMI Consultants

CVG Strategy EMI/EMC consultants can provide susceptibility analysis and recommend appropriate test methodologies for verification a product’s ability to perform as specified in today’s congested spectrum.





Health Effects of RF Energy and Microwaves

Health Effects of RF Energy
Health Effects of RF Energy

The health effects of RF energy have been a concern voiced by many in recent years.  Questions have been raised about the use of cell phones and the introduction of 5G.  Now the military has raised concerns about the cognitive effects of radio frequency energy on pilots.

U.S. Military Concerns About RF Noise Exposure

A recent article in Military & Aerospace Electronics reported that the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is seeking help to determine if RF emissions effect human cognitive processes.   They are also, if the study proves positive, looking for ways to mitigate those effects. 

This follows reports from pilots of minor cognitive performance issues during flight.  Because a cockpit flooded with RF noise, many experts believe this energy may cause spatial disorientation, memory lapses, misprioritization, and complacency.  This is a very real concern because spatial disorientation is a leading cause of accidents resulting in loss of life.

Findings from this study should have an impact on commercial applications, where RF environments are becoming increasingly active.  This would include commercial pilots and perhaps even motor vehicles.

Previous Concerns About the Health Effects of RF Energy

Ionizing Radiation

Most concerns about health and electromagnetic energy have focused on ionizing radiation.  Ionizing radiation has enough renergy to break bonds between molecules and ionize atoms.  This type of activity requires large amounts of radiant energy. 

Typical sources would include X-rays, cosmic rays, and radon.  Exposure to these sources of radiation can result in cancer risks.

Non-Ionizing Radiation

Non-Ionizing radiation sources of radiation include radar, microwave ovens, cell phones, and the electronic devices that we encounter in our daily lives.  While this type of radiation cannot directly damage DNA, there have been concerns about RF absorption causing heat in cells and tissues.  Studies conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) have not been conclusive.  While there have been some evidence of increased gliomas in heavy users, there was inadequate evidence to draw conclusion about other types of cancer.

Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (EMF)

Low frequency EMF is generated from source such as power lines.  There has been some evidence suggesting a link between exposure and childhood leukemia. While evidence suggests that exposure is possibly carcinogenic, again no conclusive evidence was found. 

Guidelines on the Health Effects of RF Energy

Exposure standards and guidelines have been developed by various countries around the world.  While the U.S. does not currently have a standard for exposure limits, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has adopted and used safety guidelines for evaluating RF exposure.  the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) did release a standard but later deemed it to be advisory.  Perhaps the most substantial and used guidelines are those put forth by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Where are We Headed?

Devices that create radio frequency energy are proliferating at an ever accelerating rate.  Radar, lidar, and Internet of Things, are creating a very dense radio energy environment.  So much so that devices are having coexistence performance issues. 

We are truly treading into uncharted territory.  While extant focuses on health effects of RF have dealt with physical effects, the effects of RF on the electrical chemical activities of neurological processes have not been explored.

New findings may well lead to required changes in the way we interact with devices in our lives.  If electromagnetic emissions do indeed effect cognitive processes then new standards for safety will need to be created.  As a result, product design constraints and changes in required test and evaluation for product certifications will arise.  This could very well be a subject to monitor closely.

Components for Hypersonic Applications – Considerations

Components for Hypersonic Applications
Components for Hypersonic Applications

Components for hypersonic applications are required for an increasing number of Department of Defense (DoD) projects.  These components and assemblies must be able to function under very demanding circumstances.  Typical stresses include altitudes exceeding 100,000 feet, rapid temperature changes, vibration, pyroshock, and acceleration.  This provides unique challenges to designers and those involved in test and evaluation.

Design Challenges for Components for Hypersonic Applications

Current defense designs can involve flight speeds of anywhere from Mach 5 (3,800 mph) to Mach 10 (7,600 mph).  Future designs may reach speeds near Mach 30 (23,000 mph).  This produces high levels of vibration, shock, and heat. 

These stresses require that each device for a printed circuit board must be carefully selected.  Furthermore, care must be taken in the design of circuit boards to avoid failures at connection points.  Care must also be taken to prevent resonances that can destroy components or cause intermittent failures due to to piezoelectric effects.  

These requirements for rugged designs are driving development of new cooling, adhesive, and dampening solutions.  The outcomes will likely result in revolutionary technologies.

Hypersonic Test and Evaluation Requirements

Often testing for these designs must be performed for both qualification and acceptance of system components.  This requires vast resources of test equipment and test facility time. Additionally, because parameters are extreme, equipment capable of performing a test can be difficult to find.

To complicate matters, test values can often fall outside the capabilities of test equipment at both ends of the spectrum.  This can be the case with pyroshock where a value is too large for an electodynamic shaker systems but beyond the lower limits of a resonant beam device.  Pyroshock is a critical test because it involves dynamic forces with a frequency range extending to 10,000 Hz. 

CVG Strategy Product Testing Services

CVG Strategy provides program management for defense and commercial test and evaluation.  We can work with multiple test facilities to coordinate testing on high end test equipment required for analysis where reliability is essential.  Our experts can ensure that testing is performed as required and that essential data is recorded.  Contact us for answers and solutions to your test and evaluation challenges.

Understanding MIL STD 810 and How to Use It

Understanding MIL STD 810
Understanding MIL STD 810

Understanding MIL STD 810 is essential for proper developmental evaluation of the environmental effects on equipment.  CVG Strategy has been helping our customers use this valuable standard to create test programs for over a decade.  In this time we have seen a number of commonly held misconceptions about the standard and how to use it. 

What is MIL STD 810?

MIL STD 810 is used to evaluate the influences of environmental effects on equipment during all phases of its life cycle.  It includes 29 methods for analysis of those effects.  These methods include climatic (temperature, humidity, solar, etc.) and dynamic (e.g. vibration, shock, pyroshock).  With the exception of one of these methods, there are no established severities or pass/fail criteria.  Why?  Because these variables are dependent on the type of equipment being tested and where it is to be used.  Using high temperature as an example; the appropriate high temperature for equipment intended for a vehicle crew compartment is very different than one for an engine compartment or the exterior of a supersonic aircraft.

How to Use the Standard

The secret to using the MIL STD 810 is in the seldom read Part 1 of the standard.  Part 1 establishes a process for evaluating the relevant environmental stressors likely to be encountered in the product’s life time.  This includes storage, transport, and operational configurations.  It provides a tailoring process to create realistic design parameters and test methods.

One tool that this tailoring process entails is the creation of a Life Cycle Environmental Profile (LCEP).  This process identifies all the environmental stresses from shipping dock to end of life.  Metrics can then be fed into an Environmental Issues/Criteria List (EICL) that can be used as design and test parameters.  When measured data for a given stress is known, that data should be used.  When a value is not known, guidance is provided in the standard for realistic evaluation based on climatic and measured dynamic variables.

Developing a Plan

The first task is to create a Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP) that outlines all the testing to be performed.  This can include multiple tests for each method.  Using high temperature again as an example,  it is often prudent to perform testing for transport, storage and operational tests, each with its specific values and temperature profiles.  Each of these tests should have a Detailed Environmental Test Plan (DETP) to exactly specify how the test is to be conducted.  This description should include required operational tests, data to be recorded, and pass/fail criteria.  People often ask test labs to create test plans.  This is not the best solution as the lab does not have a thorough understanding of the equipment and cannot perform the LCEP and EICL steps of the tailoring process.

Operational Testing and MIL STD 810

MIL STD 810 has, with increasing intensity, stressed the importance of operational testing.  Climatic and dynamic stressors can often cause intermittent failures of equipment.  It is therefore of great importance to create operational testing that exercises all modes of operation.  It is also important to create equipment that can monitor the equipment and capture those failures.  This process is one that is often overlooked.  As a result, testing performed does not provide substantive evaluation of the test item.

CVG Strategy Can Help

We provide a variety of services to help you garner the most from your test and evaluation program.  CVG Strategy offers webinars to increase your understanding of MIL STD 810.  These courses stress the importance of the tailoring process and empower you to create appropriate test programs.  We can create LCEPs and EICLs that reflect your product’s needs.  We provide EZ-Test Plan Templates for product segments such as Ground Mobile, Shipboard Controlled, and Aircraft Military.  Our test and evaluation experts can also create custom test plans for your product requirements.

To assist your product development during this Covid-19 crisis we offer test program management and test program witnessing.  This frees your team from travel requirements and ensures that testing is performed as specified.  CVG Strategy is partnered with labs in the Florida area to help you. 

Contact Us today to see how we can help you.


Witnessing EMI Testing Properly Adds Value

Witnessing EMI Testing
Witnessing EMI Testing

Witnessing EMI/EMC testing is a complex task.  Conducting this task properly can add value to your product development efforts.  More often than not products fail their initial testing.  Because of this, iterations of redesign and retest are required.  This can result in budgetary and scheduling issues for your design team and delay getting your product to market.

What is EMI/EMC Testing?

Let’s start by defining what testing is.  The word test has many definitions.  The definition critical for our subject is “a procedure for critical evaluation“.  There is significantly more going on than the pass/fail exams we took in college.  This process verifies that the product will meet design specification when operated in its intended environment and validate that it meets or exceeds customer requirements. 

When products experience issues in the field they can interfere with other equipment in their environment.  They can also be susceptible to radio frequencies that result in unexpected behaviors of the product.  These issues can result in property damage, injury, and death.  They can also result in product recalls, product liability cases, and fines.  Therefore properly conducted testing is of great importance.

Have a Plan – A Test Plan

The first step is to understand what testing is to be accomplished.  This will require reading and comprehending the standard and its requirements.  Once that has been done creating a test plan is essential.  This is because it is important to clearly communicate to lab personnel important information that is specific to your equipment.  This would include:

Testing to be Performed

This not only would include what testing is to be performed but document required pass/fail criteria.  This is because many standards will have different requirements for various classifications of equipment. 

Description of Equipment to be Tested

This should include a general description including model, serial number, and version numbers for hardware and software.  It should also include power requirements and overall size of the equipment.

Modes of Operation

This section should define all operational modes of the equipment, control settings, required interconnections.  It should also include any grounding or load requirements.

Performance Checks

Remember that we are trying to verify and validate the performance of the product.  Testing the equipment in an idle mode will not accomplish this goal.  Therefore it is important to provide simulation equipment to exercise the test item during both emissions and susceptibility procedures.

Susceptibility Criteria

It is important to define what your equipment’s acceptable level of operation when conducting susceptibility testing.  Often requirements for classes of equipment are established in the test standard.  This will inform the lab what the pass/fail criteria for the test will be.

Electrostatic Discharge Schedules

It is a good idea to document test points for Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) testing.  The documentation should include points where likely discharges from human contact would occur.  This documentation instructs the lab personnel to conduct a test that returns valid data.

Witnessing EMI Testing – Do the Work

Sitting in the waiting room of a lab plinking on a laptop is not providing any value to test activities.  A test witness should go to the lab prepared to work.  Communicate with the lab personnel what is to be done and make sure they are clear about the details.  Set up the test equipment and ensure it is operating correctly.  Place the equipment into a required mode of operation and check to see that simulation equipment, monitoring equipment and loads are behaving properly.  It is important to assist in monitoring the test item to capture any intermittent failures when performing susceptibility testing.

Data Gathering and Troubleshooting

The real challenge when witnessing EMI/EMC testing is when a test fails.  Time management is critical.  Selecting the best avenue for isolating and analyzing the cause of the failure can best utilize that time.  While you may not be able to “solve” the problem at the lab, you can identify causes of the failure.  You can also identify mitigation techniques that should be considered for design modification.  All of this activity should be documented and included in a final report.

CVG Strategy

It can be a challenge to perform witnessing of EMI/EMC testing in the new reality of Covid-19.  Travel of essential personnel to test facilities is often not an option.  CVG Strategy test and evaluation consultants are ready to help.  We are partnered with local labs to provide test program management and test witnessing services.  We offer a variety of test documentation products including our EZ-Test Plan Templates.

Our subject matter experts have decades of experience in aerospace, automotive, defense, and commercial applications.  They can help you with design issues by performing product evaluations and susceptibility analysis.  Contact Us today to see how we can help.

Tech Standard Development Open to U.S. Companies

Tech Standard Development Open
Tech Standard Development Open

The US Department of Commerce has announced that tech standard development is open to participation by U.S. companies.  This new rule is designed to allow U.S. technology companies to influence the future of cutting edge technologies.

The Role of Standards in Technology

Standards are created to establish minimal criteria for functionality, interoperability, and safety.  They also establish methods of test and evaluation to ensure those criteria are met by products.  Because these standards effect the manner in which products are specified, it is important that U.S national security and foreign policy interests are represented in their formation.

Important Considerations for Future Standards

Because technology is controlling more and more critical functions, it is important that it functions safely and reliably.  This is especially this case for technologies like autonomous vehicles, and medical devices.  The ability of devices to not interfere with each other and coexist operationally is of increasing concern.  Standards must be created and evolve to rapidly developing technologies and airways that are becoming busier with wireless communication.

The Importance of U.S. Involvement

Making tech standard development open to U.S. tech firms allows major technology developers to shape the industry based on expectations of future product capabilities.  U.S. product standards are often accepted as a baseline for the creation of international standards. 

Department of Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross stated “The United States will not cede leadership in global innovation. This action recognizes the importance of harnessing American ingenuity to advance and protect our economic and national security.  The Department is committed to protecting U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by encouraging U.S. industry to fully engage and advocate for U.S. technologies to become international standards.”

Reasons for Concern

Huawei, a Chinese technology company, has been at legal loggerheads with the United States.  It has also been very active in the development of various international standards.  This action is meant to ensure Huawei’s placement on the Entity List in May 2019 does not prevent American companies from contributing to standards that will shape the future of important technology.

CVG Strategy

CVG Strategy offers consultant services for export compliance and ITAR.  We also offer a variety of services for product test and evaluation to commercial and defense standards.  We have expertise in environmental and EMI/EMC standards provide product test program management to assist your product development program during the Covid-19 pandemic.  Contact us today to see how we can help.